What is Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)?
The symptoms of PMS vary from one woman to another, and they are so varied that it can’t even be properly explained or categorized and the symptoms that women experience may vary from cycle to cycle. There are a few common symptoms that are experienced by most women during the 10 days before the commencement of menstruation.
What are the Physical Symptoms of Premenstrual Syndrome(PMS)?
Abdominal Cramps, Bloating, Tenderness and Swelling of Breast, Headache, Muscle pain and aches
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What are the Emotional Symptoms Premenstrual Syndrome(PMS)?
Irritability, Anxiety, Tension, Unhappiness , Depression, Insomnia/Sleep diorder, Mood Swings
What are other symptoms of PMS and how long they last?
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) refers to physical and emotional symptoms that occur in the one to two weeks before a woman’s menstrual period. Symptoms often vary between women and resolve around the start of bleeding. Common symptoms include acne, tender breasts, bloating, feeling tired, irritability, and mood changes. Often symptoms are present for around six days. A woman’s pattern of symptoms may change over time. Symptoms do not occur during pregnancy or following menopause.
The cause of PMS is unknown. Some symptoms may be worsened by a high-salt diet, alcohol, or caffeine. The underlying mechanism is believed to involve changes in hormone levels. Reducing salt, caffeine, and stress along with increasing exercise is typically all that is recommended in those with mild symptoms.Calcium and vitamin D supplementation may be useful in some. Anti-inflammatory drugs such as Yog Raaj Guggulu of Yamuna Pharmacy may help with physical symptoms.
What are Signs and symptoms of Pre-menstrual Syndrome (PMS) as understood by another school of thought?
More than 200 different symptoms have been associated with PMS. Common emotional and non-specific symptoms include stress, anxiety, difficulty with sleep, headache, feeling of tiredness and lethargy, mood changes, increased emotional sensitivity, and changes in interest in sexual activity.
Physical symptoms associated with the menstrual cycle include bloating, lower back pain, abdominal cramps, constipation or alternate diarrhea, swelling or tenderness in the breasts, the cyclic appearance of acnes, craving for food and joint or muscle pain. The exact symptoms and their intensity vary significantly from woman to woman, and even somewhat from cycle to cycle and over time. Most women with premenstrual syndrome experience only a few of the possible symptoms, in a relatively predictable pattern.